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POLITICS AND RELIGION

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POLITICS AND RELIGION

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Anno accademico 2019/2020

Codice dell'attività didattica
CPS0427
Docente
Luca Ozzano (Titolare dell'insegnamento)
Corso di studi
Master's Degree Course in Area and global studies for international cooperation
Anno
2° anno
Tipologia
Caratterizzante
Crediti/Valenza
6
SSD dell'attività didattica
SPS/04 - scienza politica
Modalità di erogazione
Tradizionale
Lingua di insegnamento
Inglese
Modalità di frequenza
Facoltativa
Tipologia d'esame
Scritto
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Sommario insegnamento

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Obiettivi formativi

L’insegnamento di Politica e religione concorre alla realizzazione degli obiettivi formativi del corso di studi in Area and Global Studies for International Cooperation, fornendo agli studenti le chiavi di lettura essenziali per comprendere l’influenza del fattore religioso a livello globale sui sistemi politici e sociali delle aree oggetto del corso di studi: sia in vista di un utilizzo conoscitivo, in termini di area studies; sia per un utilizzo sul campo, nell’attività di cooperazione allo sviluppo (in cui gli attori religiosi svolgono spesso un ruolo chiave sia come ONG attive nel settore cooperazione, sia come stakeholders).

The course on Politics and Religion contributes to the fulfilment of the aims of the Master degree on Area and Global Studies for International Cooperation, by providing the students with keys to the understanding of the influence at the global level of the religious factor on social and political systems. A particular attention will be devoted to the areas on which the Master degree focuses: both towards an analytical use, in terms of area studies; and in relation to the field of international cooperation for development (wherein religious actors often perform a key role, both as cooperation NGOs and as stakeholders).

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Risultati dell'apprendimento attesi

Lo scopo dell’insegnamento è quello di:
- Mettere in grado gli studenti di analizzare l’influenza del fattore religioso e degli attori ad orientamento religioso in uno specifico contesto politico e sociale, sia a livello istituzionale sia a livello culturale.
- Metterli in grado di analizzare le relazioni di potere che si sviluppano tra istituzioni e attori politici e attori di orientamento religioso, e quelle tra gli attori ad orientamento religioso ed altri stakeholders.
- Metterli in grado di comprendere il ruolo giocato da valori e attori religiosi nel determinare dinamiche di conflitto o di cooperazione, a livello nazionale e internazionale.
- Metterli in grado di comprendere le implicazioni che i punti sopra menzionati possono comportare per gli operatori presenti in un’area, in particolare nell’ambito della cooperazione allo sviluppo.

The course aims at:
- Enabling the students to analyze the influence of both the religious factor and religiously oriented actors on specific political and social contexts, at the institutional and cultural levels.
- Enabling them to analyze the power relations which develop between political institutions and actors, and religiously oriented actors, and those between religiously oriented actors and other stakeholders.
- Enabling them to understand the role played by religious values and actors in engendering dynamics of conflict or cooperation, at the domestic and international levels.
- Enabling them to understand the implications that the above mentioned points entail for people active in an area, particularly in the field of development cooperation.

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Modalità di insegnamento

Lezioni frontali, proiezione di materiali multimediali ed esercitazioni in classe.

Lectures, projection of multimedia contents, and classroom exercises.

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Modalità di verifica dell'apprendimento

Gli studenti e le studentesse saranno valutati/e attraverso un esame scritto a risposte aperte che si concentrerà sulla conoscenza delle elaborazioni teoriche esposte nel corso, e sulla capacità degli studenti di applicarle a contesti concreti. I frequentanti potranno sostituire la parte di esame sulle ultime 12 ore di corso con la presentazione di una tesina su un caso studio (valida per 1/3 del voto totale).

Se non sarà possibile tenere esami in presenza, gli esami si svolgeranno oralmente nella stanza Webex del docente.

Students will be evaluated through a written exam including only open ended questions, that will focus both on the students' knowledge of the theories, and on their capacity to apply them to specific contexts. Those attending the course will have the opportunity to replace the examination on the last 12 hours of course with a short paper on a case study (1/3 of the total mark).

In case it will not be possible to hold exams in presence, the exams will take place orally in the Webex meeting room of the teacher.

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Programma

La prima parte del programma dell’insegnamento (24 ore) sarà dedicata all’analisi delle relazioni tra politica e religione nel mondo contemporaneo a livello teorico, focalizzandosi sulle principali prospettive teoriche e le loro implicazioni. In primo luogo, saranno considerati i diversi possibili tipi di rapporto tra istituzioni politiche e organizzazioni religiose in diverse parti del mondo, e si cercherà di capire in che modo si realizzi l’influenza della religione sulla politica interna, nell’ambito di regimi democratici e non democratici. Sarà considerato in particolare il ruolo degli attori religiosi, privilegiando i partiti politici di orientamento religioso, i loro differenti orientamenti, e la loro influenza. Sarà infine preso in considerazione il ruolo della religione nella politica internazionale e globale, in particolare in riferimento al ruolo del fattore religioso nei conflitti e nei fenomeni di violenza politica.
La seconda parte dell’insegnamento (12 ore) si concentrerà invece sull’analisi di casi studio appartenenti alle tre aree che sono oggetto del corso di studi (Africa, Asia e le Americhe), che mostreranno come le prospettive teoriche analizzate nella prima parte del corso si applicano a specifici contesti.

The first part of the course (24 hours) will analyze the relations between politics and religion in the contemporary world at the theoretical level, with a focus on the main perspectives on the subject and their implications. First, the course will take into account the different possible arrangements between political institutions and religious organizations in different areas of the world, and it will try to understand how the influence of religion takes shape at the domestic level in both democratic and non democratic regimes. Particularly, the role of religious actors will be considered, with a focus on religiously oriented political parties, their different orientations, and their influence. The role of religion in international and global politics will also be taken into account, particularly in relation to the role of the religious factor in conflicts and phenomena of political violence.
The second part of the course (12 hours) will instead be focused on specific case studies belonging to the three regional areas which are the focus of the course of studies (Africa, Asia and the Americas), which will illustrate how the theoretical perspectives analyzed in the first part of the course apply to specific contexts.


Testi consigliati e bibliografia

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I materiali sono ad accesso aperto, oppure possono essere scaricati gratuitamente dai PC della biblioteca Bobbio (o, da casa, usando il proxy unito). A questa pagina si trovano tutti i link di download: https://docs.google.com/document/d/13YVEZ0vyayP6iley1su4ouOK743zcfC4/edit)

Week 1: Religion, Secularization and Politics:
- Russell Sandberg and Norman Doe. 2007. “Church–State Relations in Europe”. Religion Compass 1/5: 561–578
- Jeffrey Haynes. 1997. “Religion, secularisation and politics: A postmodern conspectus”. Third World Quarterly 18 (4): 709–28.
- Luca Ozzano. 2009. “A Political Science Perspective on Religious Fundamentalism”. Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions 10: 339–59.
- Ahmet T. Kuru. 2007. “Passive and Assertive Secularism: Historical Conditions, Ideological struggles, and State Policies toward Religion”. World Politics 59 (4): 568–94.

Week 2: Religion, Democracy and Democratization:
- Luca Ozzano. 2013. “Introduction: Religion, Democracy and Civil Liberties”. European Political Science 12 (2), pp. 147-153.
- Alfred C. Stepan. 2000. “Religion, Democracy, and the ‘Twin Tolerations’”. Journal of Democracy 11 (4): 37–57.
- Steve Bruce. 2004. “Did Protestantism Create Democracy?” Democratization 11(4): 3–20.
- Mirjam Künkler and Julia Leininger. 2009. “The Multi-Faceted Role of Religious Actors in
Democratization Processes: Empirical Evidence from Five Young Democracies”.
Democratization, 16(6): 1058–1092.

Week 3: Religion and International Relations:
- Jonathan Fox. 2001. “Religion as an overlooked element of international relations”, International Studies Review, 3(3), 53-73.
- Jeffrey Haynes, “Transnational Religious Actors and International Politics”, Third World Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 143-158
- Samuel P. Huntington. 1993. “The Clash of Civilizations?” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 72, No. 3 (Summer, 1993), pp. 22-49

Week 4: Religion and Political Parties/Movements:
- Luca Ozzano and Francesco Cavatorta. 2013. “Introduction: religiously oriented parties and democratization”. Democratization 20 (5): 799–806.
- Luca Ozzano. 2013. “The many faces of the political god: a typology of religiously oriented parties”. Democratization 20 (5): 807–30.
- Manfred Brocker and Mirjam Kunkler. 2013. “Religious Parties: Revisiting the Inclusion Moderation Hypothesis”. Party Politics, 13(2): 171–186.

Week 5: Case Studies (1):
- David E. Campbell and Robert D. Putnam. 2012. “God and Caesar in America: Why Mixing Religion and Politics is Bad for Both”, Foreign Affairs 91 (2), 34-43.
- Claudia Zilla. 2018. “Evangelicals and politics in Latin America: religious switching and its growing political relevance” (SWP Comment, 46/2018). Berlin: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik.
- Jeffrey Haynes. 2004. “Religion and democratization in Africa”. Democratization 11 (4): 66–89.

Week 6: Case Studies (2):
- Francesco Cavatorta and Fabio Merone. (2013) “Moderation through exclusion? The journey of the Tunisian Ennahda from fundamentalist to conservative party”. Democratization 20(5): 857–875.
- Ahmet Erdi Öztürk. 2019. “An alternative reading of religion and authoritarianism: the new logic between religion and state in the AKP’s New Turkey”. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies 19 (1): 79–98.
- Christophe Jaffrelot, “Refining the moderation thesis. Two religious parties and Indian democracy: the Jana Sangh and the BJP between Hindutva radicalism and coalition politics”, Democratization 20 (5), 876-894.


All the materials are either open access or can be downloaded for free from the PCs of the Bobbio library (or from home using the Unito proxy). Follow this link to find a page with all the download links: https://docs.google.com/document/d/13YVEZ0vyayP6iley1su4ouOK743zcfC4/edit)

Week 1: Religion, Secularization and Politics:
- Russell Sandberg and Norman Doe. 2007. “Church–State Relations in Europe”. Religion Compass 1/5: 561–578
- Jeffrey Haynes. 1997. “Religion, secularisation and politics: A postmodern conspectus”. Third World Quarterly 18 (4): 709–28.
- Luca Ozzano. 2009. “A Political Science Perspective on Religious Fundamentalism”. Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions 10: 339–59.
- Ahmet T. Kuru. 2007. “Passive and Assertive Secularism: Historical Conditions, Ideological struggles, and State Policies toward Religion”. World Politics 59 (4): 568–94.

Week 2: Religion, Democracy and Democratization:
- Luca Ozzano. 2013. “Introduction: Religion, Democracy and Civil Liberties”. European Political Science 12 (2), pp. 147-153.
- Alfred C. Stepan. 2000. “Religion, Democracy, and the ‘Twin Tolerations’”. Journal of Democracy 11 (4): 37–57.
- Steve Bruce. 2004. “Did Protestantism Create Democracy?” Democratization 11(4): 3–20.
- Mirjam Künkler and Julia Leininger. 2009. “The Multi-Faceted Role of Religious Actors in
Democratization Processes: Empirical Evidence from Five Young Democracies”.
Democratization, 16(6): 1058–1092.

Week 3: Religion and International Relations:
- Jonathan Fox. 2001. “Religion as an overlooked element of international relations”, International Studies Review, 3(3), 53-73.
- Jeffrey Haynes, “Transnational Religious Actors and International Politics”, Third World Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 143-158
- Samuel P. Huntington. 1993. “The Clash of Civilizations?” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 72, No. 3 (Summer, 1993), pp. 22-49

Week 4: Religion and Political Parties:
- Luca Ozzano and Francesco Cavatorta. 2013. “Introduction: religiously oriented parties and democratization”. Democratization 20 (5): 799–806.
- Luca Ozzano. 2013. “The many faces of the political god: a typology of religiously oriented parties”. Democratization 20 (5): 807–30.
- Manfred Brocker and Mirjam Kunkler. 2013. “Religious Parties: Revisiting the Inclusion Moderation Hypothesis”. Party Politics, 13(2): 171–186.

Week 5: Case Studies (1):
- David E. Campbell and Robert D. Putnam. 2012. “God and Caesar in America: Why Mixing Religion and Politics is Bad for Both”, Foreign Affairs 91 (2), 34-43.
- Claudia Zilla. 2018. “Evangelicals and politics in Latin America: religious switching and its growing political relevance” (SWP Comment, 46/2018). Berlin: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik.
- Jeffrey Haynes. 2004. “Religion and democratization in Africa”. Democratization 11 (4): 66–89.

Week 6: Case Studies (2):
- Francesco Cavatorta and Fabio Merone. (2013) “Moderation through exclusion? The journey of the Tunisian Ennahda from fundamentalist to conservative party”. Democratization 20(5): 857–875.
- Ahmet Erdi Öztürk. 2019. “An alternative reading of religion and authoritarianism: the new logic between religion and state in the AKP’s New Turkey”. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies 19 (1): 79–98.
- Christophe Jaffrelot, “Refining the moderation thesis. Two religious parties and Indian democracy: the Jana Sangh and the BJP between Hindutva radicalism and coalition politics”, Democratization 20 (5), 876-894.





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