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ECONOMIA DELLE MIGRAZIONI

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ECONOMY OF MIGRATION

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Anno accademico 2014/2015

Codice dell'attività didattica
SCP0496
Docente
Alessandra Venturini (Titolare dell'insegnamento)
Corso di studi
Corso di studio magistrale in Scienze internazionali (Classe LM-52)
Anno
1° anno
Periodo didattico
Secondo semestre
Tipologia
Caratterizzante
Crediti/Valenza
9
SSD dell'attività didattica
SECS-P/02 - politica economica
Modalità di erogazione
Tradizionale
Lingua di insegnamento
Inglese
Modalità di frequenza
Facoltativa
Tipologia d'esame
Orale
Prerequisiti

Preliminary knowledge of Economics

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Sommario del corso

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Obiettivi formativi

The aim of the course is to understand the European debate on migration costs and benefits and migration policies. It focus both on the European countries as migrant receivers and on the countries at the Neighborhood of Europe as sending countries. It will cover the main issues on migration and it will frame them by using both descriptive information and models to interpret the deep causes of them. The course is divided into three sections which worst 3 credit each, thus the student that need only 6 credit can follows and pass the exam after the first two units while the student who has 9 credits should pass all the units. Occasionally also the first and the last could be accepted for six credit.

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Risultati dell'apprendimento attesi

The student will be able to understand and analyse and contribute in the migration debate by the knowlde of the data sources, their use and the model of analyses of the causes and effects of migration in sending nad destination countries.



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Modalità di verifica dell'apprendimento

Written test at the end of each section and a small paper.



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Programma

The aim of the course is to understand the European debate on migration costs and benefits and migration policies. It focus both on the European countries as migrant receivers and on the countries at the Neighborhood of Europe as sending countries. It will cover the main issues on migration and it will frame them by using both descriptive information and models to interpret the deep causes of them. The course is divided into three sections which worst 3 credit each, thus the student that need only 6 credit can follows and pass the exam after the first two units while the student who has 9 credits should pass all the units. Occasionally also the first and the last could be accepted for six credit. A-First section: Data, facts. This first section is both methodological and historical. It covers all the definitions (WHO: foreign national or foreign born; legal, non documented; labour, family reunification, refugees, students etc; ) and sources of information on migration available on line and discusses the different implication of the measure used (HOW: census, labour force surveys, resident permits, labour permits, social security data, etc.) and the different legislation which deals with migration issues and define the amount of migrants. During the presentation of the data we will discuss the problematic of migration phenomenon and the decision of migrate and the policy implications.

B-Second section: the effects in the destination countries The second section analyse the economic model of interpretation of migrants ‘role in the destination countries. We will start with the analyses of what is common in the debate by looking at the argument presented by the Suisse referendum and other more broad debate.

b-1 The effect on the population of destination countries

b-2-The effect on growth and GNP per capital, Total factor productivity and innovation

b-3-The effect of migrants in the destination labour market b-4-The effect of migrants on the welfare state (social expenditure)

C-Third section: the effect of migration in the sending countries with a special focus to the Mediterranean countries

c-1 Demographic effect

c-2 Brain Drain and Brain Gain

c-3 Remittances

c-4 Social remittances

 

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Testi consigliati e bibliografia

Sources of data and preliminary readings which will be specified at the beginning of the course: Section 1

How to measure what:

1. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Statistics Division (UNDESA), “Introduction and part one: concepts and definitions, United Nations Expert Group Meeting on the Use of Censuses and Surveys to Measure International Migration 24-28 September 2007, New York, 2007c.

2. Lemaitre G., “The Comparability of International Migration Statistics. Problems and Prospects”, OECD Statistics Brief, OECD, 2005.

3. Fargues P., “How Many Migrants from, and to, Mediterranean Countries of the Middle East and North Africa”, CARIM Analytic and Synthetic Notes 2005/16, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute, San Domenico di Fiesole, 2005.

4. EU Neighbourhood Migration Report 2013 (http://www.migrationpolicycentre.eu/migration-report/ ) http://issuu.com/eui-publications/docs/mpc_eu_neighbourhood_migration_repo?mode=embed&layout=http%3A%2F%2Fskin.issuu.com%2Fv%2Flight%2Flayout.xml&showFlipBtn=true

5. MPC, Migrants are smuggled by the sea to EU: Facts, Laws and Policy Options, Ph.Fargues, A. Dibartolomeo, Ph.De Bruycker. http://www.migrationpolicycentre.eu/docs/MPC-RR-2013-009.pdf

Refugees:

6. Introduction Philippe and Cameron at the refugees section

7. European Refugee Policy, Pathways to Fairer Burden-Sharing, by Sachverstandigenrat deutscher Stiftungen fur integration und migration

8. Alessandra Venturini, 2004, Migration in Southern Europe, 1960-200’, CUP. Section 2

b1- Fargues, Philippe 2011, International Migration and Europe’s Demographic Challenge, EU-US Immigration Systems; 2011/09, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, San Domenico di Fiesole (FI): European University Institute Fargues, Philippe and Ashley McCormick 2013, Ageing of skills and complementary immigration in the EU, 2010-2025, EUI Working Paper RSCAS 2013/81, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, San Domenico di Fiesole (FI): European University Institute United Nations Secretariat, Population Division 2000, Replacement Migration: Is It a Solution to Declining and Ageing Populations? ST/ESA/SER.A/206, New York. http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/ReplMigED/migration.htm The impact of a massive migration flow on the regional population structure: The case of Italy, Antonio Golini and Anna Di Bartolomeo, Vienna Yearbook of Population Research, Volume 2009, Special issue on "Impact of migration on demographic change and composition in Europe."

b2- Dolado Juan, Goria Alessandra, Ichino Andrea, 1994, Immigration, Human capital and growth in the Host Country: Evidence from a pooled Country Data, Journal of population Economics, Springer, vol.7(2), 193-215. Alesina A., Harnoss J. and H. Rapoport, 2013, Birthplace Diversity and Economic Development. NBER Working Paper No. 18699. Ortega Peri, Ortega, Francesc & Peri, Giovanni, 2014. "Openness and income: The roles of trade and migration," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(2), pages 231-251. Ozgen, C., Nijkamp, P., Poot, J., 2011, "Immigration and Innovation in European Regions" IZA Discussion Papers 5676, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). Alessandra Venturini , Claudio Fassio, Fabio Montobbio, 2012, Are Migrants spurring innovation?, MPC Research papers, 2012-11. http://www.migrationpolicycentre.eu/docs/MPC%202012%20EN%2011.pdf

b3-Herbert Brücker, The Labor Market Impact of Immigration and its Policy Consequences, MPC, 2012/04 http://www.migrationpolicycentre.eu/docs/MPC%20ASN%202012-04.pdf Herbert Brücker,The Labor Market Challenge Does International Migration Challenge Labor Markets in Host Countries? A Critical Review of the Recent and Traditional Literature, 2011/21 http://www.eui.eu/Projects/TransatlanticProject/Documents/BackgroundPapers/ENEU-US 2011-21.pdf Brücker, Herbert & Fachin, Stefano & Venturini, Alessandra,

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Note

On the final course page you can find a complete syllabus of the course and at the beging of the course a calander with the content of each lesson will be provided.

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